Unfortunately, the error messages of that plugin are a little difficult to understand. It took me a while to collect this little cookbook of error fixes.
Unable found project for null project name
In SonarQube, as Administrator, select the project. Then in Administration ⭢ General Settings ⭢ GitLab, enter the project ID of your project and save it. The project ID is the group name in GitLab, followed by a slash and the name of the project, e.g.
Unable found project for mygroup/myproject
In SonarQube, check that the project ID is correct and there are no spelling mistakes. In GitLab, make sure that SonarQube's GitLab user is actually a member of the project, and that the user has Developer rights. I hit a strange bug in GitLab here. The SonarQube user was a member of the project, but still this error occured. When logging in as the SonarQube user, the project was not on the roll of projects. Removing and adding Developer rights to the user didn't help. The only thing that finally worked was to add the SonarQube user to a different project, even if just for a moment. It seems to be a caching problem in GitLab.
Multiple found projects for mygroup/myproject
You should never see this error, but if you do, be more specific with the projectID.